All of the attacking (or countering) motions in kicking follow either a straight line or a curve. The lines that the leg can travel (lead leg or rear leg) are: straight on (such as a side kick or front thrust kick) -- straight upward (such as an upward snap kick to the groin) -- from outside inward (such as a hook kick or crescent kick) -- from inside outward (such as an inverted hook kick, outward crescent kick)

The Various Target Levels in Kicking

•    High (head)
•    Middle (body)
•    Low (groin/legs) 



The Various Kicking Ranges
•    Long
•    Intermediate
•    Close


The Various Striking Areas of Foot and Leg

•    Toe (if you are wearing shores)

•    Ball-of-foot

•    Instep

•    Inside edge

•    Outside edge

•    Bottom (sole)

•    Heel

•    Shin

(Note -- Knee is included in Other Striking Tools)

Lead Leg Tools

Lead side kick (Juk tek)

Lead hook kick (O'ou tek)

Lead straight kick (Jik tek): (2 ways)

a) upward snap      b) forward thrust 

Lead reverse (inverted) hook kick (Qua tek)

Lead foot stomp (Dum tek) (2 ways) 

a) hip opening         b) hip closing 

Lead sweep kick (So tek)

Lead foot obstruction (Jeet tek)

Lead crescent kick (inwards/outwards)



Rear  Leg Tools

Rear back kick (Hou tek)

Rear hook kick

Rear straight kick (2 ways)

a) upward snap       b) forward thrust 

Rear spin kick (Juen tek)

Rear cross foot stomp (Dum tek)

Rear foot obstruction (oblique kick)

Rear crescent kick 

Training Aids to Help  improve Kicking Tools:

You must be able to relate your various kicks to an opponent as part of an intuitive arsenal. In order to be successful, any kicking technique should:

1) Have a sense of “powerful ease.” You should have the mechanics of the kick well-grooved into your neuromuscular system so that you can use it easily and without having to think about it. This can be developed through practice of the kick itself, and through supplementary exercises to help increase flexibility, etcetera.

2) Have sudden, economical initiation. There should be no preparatory motions which telegraph your intentions prior to launching the kick.

3) Be fast, accurate, and precise.

4) Have the ability to adjust height. Depending on the kick, you should be able to fire it at all levels.

5) Be direct and instantaneous in relaying the weapon to the desired target area.

6) Be able to blend with any other movement such as other kicks, punches, and so on.

7) Be able to flow back to a neutral position or flow on with your attack at any time.