In JKD, there are a variety of strikes which, like the various kicks used, should be able to be thrown from different angles, as well as combined with footwork and body positioning to make them more effective. And as with kicking motions, hand motions follow either straight or curved lines, and may travel in the following ways: straight on (such as the lead or rear straight); inward (such as the lead or rear hook); outward (such as the lead or rear hook); upward (such as the uppercut); downward (such as the lead or rear hammer fist).

Various Striking Areas of the Hand

•    Fingertips

•    Large knuckles (regular fist)

•    Small knuckles (half-fist)

•    Palm

•    Heel of Palm

•    Edge of hand

•    Bottom of fist



Lead Hand Tools


  • Straight punch (vertical fist) (Ch'ung chuie) 

  • Jab (horizontal fist) (Ping chuie) 

  • Finger jab (Biu jee) 

  • Half-knuckle fist (Choap chuie) 

  • Hook (various -- shovel, corkscrew, etc.) (O'ou chuie)

  • Uppercut 

  • Backfist (Qua chuie) 

  • Hammer blow 

  • Palm hook 


Rear Hand Tools

  • Straight 

  • Cross (inside/outside) 

  • Finger jab

  • ​Overhand 

  • ​Hook (various -- shovel, corkscrew, etc.)

  • ​Uppercut

  • ​Spinning blow 

  • ​Hammer blow 

  • ​Palm hook 

  • ​Bottom fist 


Training Aids to improve your striking tools:

In order to gain maximum efficiency in a punch, there are certain principles that should be understood and followed:

1) Power in striking comes from the realization that your arms are merely extensions of your body. When you hit an opponent, don’t just hit him with your arm, hit him with your whole body.

2) Power comes from the dynamic torquing of the waist and trunk around an imaginary axis. Synchronize your foot, knee, hip, shoulder, and elbow in all of your punches.

3) Avoid having any “get set” posture or preparatory movements prior to delivering any punch or kick.

4) All of your punches begin and end in the ready position. Your punching arm should return to its original position along the same path or plane after landing.

5) In all punches combined with footwork; the hand should always move first.

6) Your punching hand should be tight only when the fist lands. Keeping your fist tight all the time tenses your forearm and slows your punches.

7) Your punches should accelerate and aim through the target. Don’t just hit the opponent, hit through him!

8) Your guarding hand should be in a position that allows you to defend while your attack lands, and then effectively continue the attack.