Progressive Indirect Attack (PIA)

Progressive Indirect Attack (PIA) is a method of attack that uses what is referred to in Western fencing as “second intention.” In PIA an initial feint or false attack is used to draw some form of defensive reaction from an opponent, such as a parry or block, which is then deceived allowing the final real attacking motion to score in an opening line.

PIA is a compound attacking method. However, like the second intention attack used in Western fencing, with PIA only the final action is intended to score.

Progressive is to gain distance
Indirect is to gain time, putting the opponent a half-beat behind you.
Attack means that you stay ahead of the opponent’s defensive actions, avoiding contact with it as you finish your attack

Progressive Indirect Attack uses a “one-and-a-half beat’’ for its timing.

In using Progressive Indirect Attack, proper distance is vital. If your initial feint or false attack is made from too close a distance, the opponent may succeed in scoring with his own attack. And if you’re too far away, the opponent may refuse to parry at all, or even if he does, the incorrect distance will not permit your final attack to land.

Progressive Indirect Attack can shift between low, middle, and high lines. It can also shift from an inside line to an outside line, or an outside line to an inside line.

To use PIA successfully, you not only need to execute your action in a continuous forward-flowing movement, but you also need to anticipate correctly in advance, what type of parry or block the opponent will use. One way that you can find this out is to use feints and false attacks to probe the opponent’s defensive structure and see how he responds to your actions.