"The essence of fighting is the art of moving." (Bruce Lee)
Fundamental Footwork Principle -- “Seek balance in movement, not in stillness.”
In JKD, you seek firmness in motion, as opposed to still, static postures or positions.
The primary aim of footwork is to facilitate rapid balanced movement and agility.
Mobility serves several functions:
1. Can be used as a means of defense.
2. Can be used as a means of deception
3. Allows you to secure the proper distance for your own attack.
There are 4 basic patterns of movement with regard to footwork:
c) moving or curving right
d) moving or curving left
If you have poor footwork or mobility, chances are that your actions and distance may be dictated or even controlled by the opponent.
In JKD, mobility and speed of footwork precedes speed of kicks and punches.
Springiness and alertness in footwork is essential. Move lightly and feel the ground as a springboard.
Small steps ensure balance and allow stops and changes in direction at any time, even in the midst of movement.
Jun Fan Gung Fu/Jeet Kune Do Basic Footwork
1. Step and slide shuffle advance
2. Step and slide shuffle retreat
3. Slide shuffle advance
4. Slide shuffle retreat
5. Push shuffle advance
6. Push shuffle retreat
7. Step through
8. Step back
9. Circle clockwise/circle right
10. Circle counter-clockwise/circle left
11. Curving right/quarter-turn right
12. Curving left/quarter-turn left
13. Replace step
14. Heel and toe sway
15. Pendulum shuffle
16. Rocker shuffle
17. Lead step (3 ways)
18. Rear step (3 ways)
19. Triangle pattern (2 ways)
The “Burning Step” -- a variation of the step-and-slide, used to increase the speed of the step. The idea is to imagine the ground upon which you are stepping with your front foot is red-hot, and that it will burn your foot unless you move it very quickly.
The “Burst” -- Used to slide up for a kick (or sometimes a punch), the rear leg rapidly slides forward to where the front foot was as the lead leg kick or lead hand punch is thrown. Much the same as a slide-step advance.
Training Aids to Improve Footwork:
Smooth, fast footwork is a matter of correct body weight and foot placement.
When you’re working out, examine your footwork for body feel and control. Develop good economical motions and stay well-balanced during movement. Ease and comfort of movement in every direction.
While moving maintain a position which allows you to attack at a split second’s notice, or defend immediately.
Make every movement purposeful and regulated to that of the opponent.
Utilize small steps ensure balance and allow stops and changes in direction at any time, even in the midst of movement.
Move lightly, feel the ground as a springboard. Try to make your steps smooth and soundless.
Keep your body level. Avoid bouncing up and down by imagining that you’ve got a board two inches above your head, and if you bounce up and down you’ll hit it